One of the aerospace industry’s famous names includes McDonnell Douglas. You can read up on the firm’s history here. What we want to do is take a look at what is still flying that traces its heritage to this company.
There are over 1.600 MD aircraft in service. The MD-80 represents over half this total. The fleet has some really old aircraft operating still. This chart lists those in operation by years in service. There are two DC-8s dating back to 1965 still operational. And yes, they are in Africa.
It is a testimony to the quality of the engineering and construction that we see such old aircraft in operation. Many of these aircraft were delivered when the fuel price was under $1 per gallon. Yet they are flying somewhere in all their gas guzzling glory. So who operates these aircraft?
Of the 1,617 aircraft in operation, 84% are being operated by airlines. Exactly the organizations you would expect to be eager to get rid of gas guzzlers. Breaking down a couple of the aircraft types, we can see how concentration is working. Some airlines really like the aircraft and acquire more as they can – for example Delta and the MD-90.
Taking a look at the operational fleet of the last two models produced by McDonnell Douglas, we can see the concentration. Delta is the largest MD-90 operator by a wide margin. We would not be surprised to see Delta acquire the remaining MD-90s. In terms of the MD-11, FedEx and UPS account for 57% of the operational fleet.
The MD-11 operates as a heavy freighter. The following table lists the industry’s primary freighters. As the MD-11 goes the way of the DC-10F, airlines are going to look for a replacement. Some, like Lufthansa, will go larger with the 777F. But many airlines might prefer to downsize to the A330F, given the tight cargo market. Airbus believes the future of the freighter market is robust.
The A330F is a great replacement for the DC-10F as this chart shows. The A330F also much lighter and burns probably around a third less fuel.
Of course airlines are able to buy McDonnell Douglas aircraft at favorable prices. This means with low capital costs, airlines can offset the higher fuel burn. Since these aircraft were built so robustly, we can expect to see the fleet operate for many years yet. After all Northwest Airlines kept some DC-9s operating at 35 years old.