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April 16, 2024
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Aircraft pricing is a touchy subject.  Airlines don’t like to discuss it, nor do the OEMs.  Nobody pays list prices, and nobody talks about the discount they get either.  Indeed, as we have heard at ISTAT – if you want to know transaction prices, take the list price and divide by two, and go from there.

It turns out that formula is close to the truth.  We took a look at a selection of aircraft and compared the list price to market values, using data from Collateral Verifications.  Take a look at the table.  We placed the aircraft in order from largest discount to lowest discount from list prices.


There are some surprises.

  • Who would have thought the SSJ would have the lowest discount? Being built in Russia, one might have expected a bigger discount.
  • The Embraer aircraft are also near the bottom of the list. This is impressive and says a lot about how the market views and values the aircraft.  The E-Jet is clearly highly regarded.
  • The A380 is also a surprise – given slow sales one would have expected a deeper discount. Perhaps Emirates gets this, but it is not reflected in the market value.  If Emirates is getting a deeper discount, they should keep buying them.
  • The 787s are going at less than 50% off list. Given the recent commentary about Boeing never being able to recover from the 787, one might want to reconsider.  Demand exists, especially for the -9.  It prices well for Boeing, especially when you look at the Airbus competitor.  Some customers are willing to pay a relative premium for the aircraft.
  • The CRJ1000 is trading soft compared the CRJ900. This reflects slow demand for the CRJ1000 and better demand for the CRJ900.  Too bad US regional airlines cannot deploy the CRJ1000 as it could be a better deal since its market price per seat is 21% lower, and it offers 5.5% better economics.
  • Comparing the 777-300ER and A350-900; the Airbus looks to be a much better deal. Except you can’t get one in a hurry, but Boeing will get you a 777-300ER much quicker.
  • The 737-800 and A320 are priced closely; the A320 is 2% more expensive at list price but 4.7% cheaper at market price. Yet on a per seat basis, using market prices, the 737-800 trades at a 3% discount over the A320.
  • Of interest is the pricing for A320ceo and neo. Airbus wants a 9% list premium for neo, and market values are 9% higher for neo.  Airbus appears to have priced the neo right on target.
  • Comparing the A321 and 737-900ER, the A321 lists 13% higher, and is 9% pricier at market. This reflects Airbus ability to outsell the 737-900ER and demand a premium over the Boeing.
  • Finally, the three most discounted aircraft are from Airbus. The A319 is no surprise. But seeing the A330s is interesting.  Since these aircraft compete with the 787s, we can see how the market values them.  The A330s trade at about 60% discount whereas the 787s are under 50% discount.  The A330-200 has 7% more seats than the 787-8, but market value per seat on the Airbus is 31% lower. For the A330-300 has 3% more seats than the 787-9, with market value per seat 25% lower than the 787-9.  One can take two views here. First Airbus is able to cut prices and disrupt Boeing’s 787 in the market.  This is what Airbus has told us.  Alternatively, Boeing has an airplane that is 20% or more efficient and therefore Airbus has to discount that much to reach a point of economic indifference.

Aircraft pricing is fascinating because every campaign is a fresh battle in the war of selling aircraft to airlines and lessors.  There are no apples to apples comparisons.  Every deal is different and has nuances that move prices.  But using these numbers one gets a sense of where the boundaries are and what the people involved with the business are doing to accomplish their jobs.

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Co-Founder AirInsight. My previous life includes stints at Shell South Africa, CIC Research, and PA Consulting. Got bitten by the aviation bug and ended up an Avgeek. Then the data bug got me, making me a curious Avgeek seeking data-driven logic. Also, I appreciate conversations with smart people from whom I learn so much. Summary: I am very fortunate to work with and converse with great people.

7 thoughts on “Aircraft pricing – List vs. Market

  1. Discount rates are a straight function of how much the OEM overvalues their product on “List”.

    I don’t think it reflects anything other than the airframer’s own opinion of themselves – i.e. means less than nothing.

    The market values are much more interesting. Who’d have thought the market value of a 77E was more than an A359?

    I guess you’ve no market numbers on the A330neo? Be interesting to see how they stack up to the 787.

  2. No A330neo numbers until the appraisers get their numbers set up after deliveries.

  3. Sir, You have touched upon the efficiency of the fleet and its relation to making an economic difference. Dwelving on the subject to include the cost of operating the fleet, I suggest, will give more insight to the Operators. I think, to put it simple, the ‘Life Cycle Cost’ of the aeroplane will give a benchmark recurring cost figure for the operators to make an economic difference on the longer run. The operating cost which includes, the cost of spares & its reliability, hanger turnaround time & cost and simply the cost of operating the fleet.

  4. the market prices dont seem to reflect the really negotiated price. The market price- which OEM sells to the Airline- depends on various factors- of size of order- timing of order- delivery schedule and most importantly- how best the deal was negotiated.

  5. Thank you so much, I am looking for this table from long time and the notes you provided is completing the pictures I am looking for as well.

    Again thanks alot

  6. Thank you, we are revising our DTA pricing models based on Mkt/Seat data provided herein. With the data provide customers with a rationale for FFP deliverables.

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